Samos (Greek: Σάμος) is a Greek island in the Eastern Aegean sea, located between the island of Chios to the North and the archipelagic complex of the Dodecanese to the South and in particular the island of Patmos and off the coast of Turkey, on what was formerly known as Ionia.

The area of the island is 468 square kilometres, and it's forty-three kilometres long and thirteen kilometers wide. It's one of the principal and most fertile of the islands of the Aegean Sea that closely adjoin to the Anatolia, from which it's separated by a strait of one mile in width. It is occupied at the greater part of its extent by the Kerketeus range of mountains, of which the highest summit is the peak Vigla, at 1433 metres (4701 ft.) above sea level, near its western extremity, called Mount Kerkis. The range is in fact a continuation of that of Mount Mycale on the mainland, of which the promontory of Trogilium, immediately opposite to the city of Samos, formed the extreme point. The island is remarkably fertile, and a great portion of it is covered with vineyards, the wine from the Vathy grapes enjoying an especially high reputation. The island's population is of 42000 (80% of the prefectural population).

With the neighbouring islands of Icaria and Fourni, the island of Samos is administered as part of the Samos Prefecture. Its capital and main port is the city of Vathy, most commonly called Samos; other ports are Karlovasi and Pythagoreio, formerly called Tigani (see also Samos Prefecture). Other villages/towns include Kokkari, Manolates, Khora and Pagondas.

The nearest airport is Samos Airport. Vathi is the main passenger port.

Its climate is typically Mediterranean.

Samian economy depends mainly on the tourist industry which has been growing steadily since the early 80's. The main agricultural products include, grapes, honey, olives, olive oil, citrus fruit, dried figs and almonds and flowers. The Muscat grape is the main crop used for wine production. Samian wine, known primarily though the sweet Muscat type, is also exported in several other appellations. Samian wines have won prestigious international and domestic awards.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Samos Island". Editors list.


Pythagorio Pythagorio (Πυθαγόρειο) is a municipality on the island of Samos , Samos Prefecture , Greece . Population 9,003 (2001). Also known as Pythagoreion.

The remains of the Pythagorion, an ancient fortified port with Greek and Roman monuments and a spectacular tunnel, the Tunnel of Eupalinos or Eupalinian aqueduct, along with the Heraion of Samos were jointly registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Pythagoreion". Editors list.

While you are at Pythagorion area you can visit:

  • The Sanctuary of the Goddess Hera at Heraion,
  • The Efpalinion Tunnel,
  • The perimeter wall of Polycrates,
  • The Ancient Theatre,
  • The Roman Baths,
  • The Archaeological Collection,
  • The Palaeontological Museum at Mitilinaei,
  • The monastery of Timios Stavros at Mavratzaei &
  • The monastery of Megali Panayia at Koumaradhaei

You can also enjoy swimming, water sports and lots of sunshine in the clear waters of Pythagorio, Heraion and Potokaki.

For fishing activities you can try your luck at areas like Karavopetra, Heraion, Psili Ammos and Poseidonio.

If you like discovering new places you can drive to the picturesque villages of Mitilinaei, Koumaradhaei, Myli, Mavratzaei, Pyrgos, Mesogeia, Spatharei and more, and taste local recipes and products of traditional craftsmanship such ceramics, carpets etc.


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